Most Canadians use natural gas and petroleum products, such as gasoline and diesel, every day. We heat our homes and drive our cars with these fuels and we use hundreds of household products made from them.
These convenient fuels are made from energy sources that are often concentrated in areas far away from where these fuels are used — this is where pipelines come in.
It’s what pipelines do best
Pipelines transport crude oil and raw natural gas over long distances from producing regions of Canada to refineries and processing plants, where these energy sources are converted into useful fuels, such as gasoline, diesel and commercial-grade natural gas.
Pipelines are also used to transport these consumer-ready fuels from refineries and gas processing plants to large terminals on the edge of towns and cities, where they can then be distributed to homes and businesses.
Not just pipe
Pipelines consist of pipe, as well as related equipment. Compressors or pumps keep the gases and liquids flowing through pipelines, while valves control the flow and keep things running smoothly.
Pipelines are a critical part of Canada’s oil, petroleum products and natural gas delivery network. Learn more.
Transmission pipelines are “energy highways”
Pipelines are used to transport large quantities of energy sources and commodities. Learn more (PDF).
Source: Primer on Energy Systems, Pollution Probe
Explaining Energy Systems
Energy systems can be thought of as the interconnected elements of technology and infrastructure that transform natural sources of energy into useful services that deliver access, convenience comfort and other amenities.
Flicking a switch
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Squeezing the gas station pump
Learn how squeezing the pump at the gas station activates a complex energy system to provide fuel for your vehicle.
Adjusting the thermostat
See how adjusting the thermostat activates a complex energy system to provide natural gas for heading on demand.